The anatomy of global food and agriculture has undergone a complete metamorphosis in recent decades and is structurally very different now. According to the World Fact Book of the CIA in 2015, the global agricultural output was $ 4,771 billion and 42 percent of this output comes from just six countries. While China leads, India with $ 367 billion is the second largest, US is third ($ 279 billion), followed by Brazil ($ 130 billion), Nigeria ($ 122 billion) and Indonesia ($ 121 billion). As one can see, five of the six global leaders in agricultural output are developing countries. In fact, China and India alone account for close to 30 percent of the global total. Meanwhile, the world's population is projected to grow from about 7 billion in 2012 to 9.6 billion people by 2050. Food supplies need to increase by 60 percent in order to meet the food demand, as listed in 'World Agriculture Towards 2030/2050'. India with 185 million hectares of arable land, promises great opportunity for technologies, investments, food trade and agribusinesses due to its farm land and resources currently being used sub-optimally.
India's domestic demand for food and fiber is expected to go up considerably as the country @ 1.30 billion has the largest economically active population in the world. Indian agriculture is looking for advanced technologies, farming systems, agri services seeds and planting material, farm machinery, agro-processing equipment, crop care and soil health products, dairy, poultry and fishery, technologies and health care, agriculture infrastructure, and models of value chains, agribusinesses and marketing in food, agriculture, animal husbandry and horticulture and substantially enhanced participation in global food and agro trade. The country is also the gateway to almost two dozen Asian countries and the whole of African continent due to India’s growing cooperation in agriculture and its institutions engaged in providing agricultural expertise. India has enormous strengths and vastly diversified agriculture production system, growing 8% plus of the world's food, but its share in global trade is less than 2%.